June 20, 2024
Chicago 12, Melborne City, USA

IELTS Essay: Declining Plants and Animals

In many countries, the number of animals and plants is declining.

Why do you think this is happening?

How can this issue be solved?


1. The decline in the number of animal and plant species is a pressing issue facing many countries worldwide. 2. In my opinion, this is a result of human activity and can be countered by adopting sustainable policy initiatives.

  1. Paraphrase the overall essay topic.
  2. Write a clear opinion.

1. Fewer animal and plant species is mainly a human problem. 2. Firstly, there is now rampant deforestation for agricultural expansion, logging, and infrastructure development. 3. In the Amazon rainforest, pristine habitats are being cleared for cattle ranching, depriving countless species of their natural homes. 4. Relatedly, pollution, including industrial discharge and agricultural runoff, poses a significant threat. 5. The global release of toxic chemicals into rivers and oceans leads to the death of marine life and disrupts delicate aquatic ecosystems. 6. An additional human activity that deserves attention is illegal wildlife trade. 7. This practice is driven by high demand for exotic pets, traditional medicine, and animal parts, pushing many species towards endangerment and potential extinction.

  1. Write a topic sentence with a clear main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your main idea.
  3. Develop it with specific or hypothetical examples.
  4. Keep developing it fully.
  5. Add in as much detail as possible.
  6. Vary long and short sentences.
  7. Finish strong.

1. The keys to reversing natural degradation are conservation and restoration efforts. 2. Biodiversity conservation programs should focus on preserving and restoring specific habitats. 3. For instance, reforestation initiatives can aim to replant native tree species in deforested areas, providing crucial habitats for various wildlife species. 4. Marine protected areas can be established to safeguard vulnerable marine ecosystems and promote sustainable fishing practices. 5. Captive breeding and reintroduction programs can help revive endangered species. 6. Evidence for this approach comes from initiatives to breed and release critically endangered species like the black rhinoceros. 7. Complementary sustainable practices in agriculture, forestry, and fishing can also be promoted to minimize human impact on ecosystems.

  1. Write a new topic sentence with a new main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your new main idea.
  3. Include specific details and examples.
  4. Add as much information as you can and make sure it links logically.
  5. Use really concrete examples.
  6. Keep adding detail.
  7. Better a little too long instead of a little too short.

1. Decreasing population figures for animal and plant species is a critical issue that demands immediate attention and action. 2. It is humanity’s collective responsibility to protect and restore the natural world given the origin of these issues.

  1. Summarise your main ideas.
  2. Include a final thought.