May 27, 2024
Chicago 12, Melborne City, USA
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9.Reading Multiple Choice multiple Answer(Forgiveness)

A recent study suggests that teaching children to understand other people’s perspectives could make it easier for them to learn how to forgive other people.”Forgiveness is important in children and adults for restoring relationships and limiting future conflicts,” says Kelly Lynn Mulvey, lead author of the study.”But we didn’t know much about what makes children more likely to forgive others, particularly from early childhood to adolescence.” To that end, Mulvey and her collaborators enlisted 185 children, between the ages of 5 and 14, in the study. Researchers conducted in an indepth interview with each child that collected background information and assessed the child’s “theory of mind” skills. Researchers then led each child through a series of scenarios involving other children who are “in group” and “out group.” Specifically, each study participant was told they were part of a group, such as the green team. During interviews, researchers described some children in the scenarios as also being on the green team, while other children in the scenarios were on the yellow team. In each scenario, interviewers asked study participants whether they were willing to forgive a group that left them out of a game or activity. There were three main findings. First, children are more likely to forgive someone if they have apologized. Second, children are more likely to forgive people who are “in group.” Third, the more advanced a child’s Theory of Mind skills are, the more likely they are to forgive others. What did the study find?A) Children are more likely to forgive those who are “in the group”.B) Forgiveness can help restore their relationship and reduce future conflict.C) Children are more likely to forgive the person who apologizes.D) Children can forgive just like adults.E) The more advanced the theory of mind skills, the less likely a

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8.Reading Multiple Choice multiple Answer(Wound Healing)

A protein named Agrin has been discovered to promote wound healing and repair, when it is triggered aftersSkin tissue is injured. These findings could pave the way for the development of Agrin protein therapy to accelerate skin tissue healing for chronic wounds from diabetes or burns. The research, led by A*STAR’s Institue of Molecular and Cell Biology (IMCB), was published in the journal Nature Communications on 3 November 2021. One in 20 Singaporeans is afflicted with chronic wound conditions. Complications in the healing of chronic wounds are prevalent in patients suffering from diabetes or burn injuries, and are a leading cause of amputation and decreased emotional well-being for patients. During injury, a major chunk of extracellular matrix, which helps to rebuild tissue, is lost, therefore delaying wound healing. As such, the timely replenishment of key ECM proteins may accelerate wound healing. In this study, researchers have shown that timely induction or exogenous supplementation of Agrin, an ECM protein, may promote accelerated healing of injured skin tissues. Using both human and pre-clinical models, they found that physical injury to the skin tissue enhanced the expression of Agrin, which preserves the mechanical architecture of injured skin layers by repairing the skin tissue. Which of the following statements is incorrect? A) Agrin can heal the wound instantly. B) Loss of ECM can delay wound healing. C) The expression of Agrin was enhanced when skin tissue was physically damaged. D) Chronic wound healing complications were the main reason for the decline of patients’ emotional health. E) One in 20 Singaporeans suffers from

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6.Reading Multiple Choice multiple Answer(Smartphone-based Treatments)

Computer- and smartphone based treatments appear to be effective in reducing symptoms of depression, and while it remains unclear whether they are as effective as facetoface psychotherapy, they offer a promising alternative to address the growing mental health needs spawned by the COVID-19 pandemic. “The year 2020 marked 30 years since the first paper was published on a digital intervention for the treatment of depression. It also marked an unparalleled inflection point in the worldwide conversion of mental health services from facetoface delivery to remote, digital solutions in response to the COVID19 pandemic,” said lead author Isaac Moshe, MA, a doctoral candidate at the University of Helsinki. “Given the accelerated adoption of digital interventions, it is both timely and important to ask to what extent digital interventions are effective in the treatment of depression, whether they may provide viable alternatives to face-to-face psychotherapy beyond the lab and what are the key factors that moderate outcomes.”Digital interventions typically require patients to log in to a software program, website or app to read, watch, isten to and interact with content structured as a series of modules or lessons. Individuals often receive homework assignments relating to the modules and regularly complete digitally administered questionnaires relevant to their presenting problems. This allows clinicians to monitor patients’ progress and outcomes in cases where digital interventions include human support. Digital interventions are not the same as teletherapy, which has gotten much attention during the pandemic, according to Moshe. Teletherapy uses videoconferencing or telephone services to facilitate one-on-one psychotherapy. Which of the following statements is true? A) Digital interventions typically require patients to log into a software program without interaction. B) Teletherapy is not identical with digital interventions. C) Computer-based and smartphone-based therapy can be just as effective as face-to-face psychotherapy. D) Videoconferencing can be a viable method in teletherapy to promote one-on-one psychotherapy. E) Computer-based

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5.Reading Multiple Choice multiple Answer(Television)

There’s bad news for parents who frequently plop their kids in front of the TV to give themselves a break: It might actually end up leaving moms and dads more stressed.Why? Because the more television that kids witch, the more they’re exposed to advertising messages. The more advertising they see, the more likely they are to insist on purchasing items when they go with their parents to the store – and perhaps make a fuss if told “no.” All that, researchers say, may contribute to parents’ overall stress leves, well beyond a single shopping trip The findings come from a University of Arizonaled study, published in the International Journal of Advertising, that explores the potential effects of children s television watching habits on their parents’ stress levels. “The more advertising children see, the more they ask for things and the more conflict is generated,” said led study author Matthew Lapierre, an assistant professor in the UArizona Department of Communication in the College of Social and Behavioral Sciences.”What we haven’t looked at before is what the potential effect is on parents. We know kids ask for things, weknow it leads to conflict, but we wanted to ask the next question: Could this be contributing to parents’ overall stress?” The study suggests that it could. There are a few things parents can do, perhaps the most obvious of which is limiting screen time. What can we infer from the passage? A) When watching one television ad, children purchase one thing from it. B) Children will ask for more things when they watch more ads, which can lead to more conflict. C) Children’s habit of watching TV has a potential impact on parents’ stress level. D) For parents, putting

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4.Reading Multiple Choice multiple Answer(Taste Sensitivity)

What you eat influences your taste for what you might want to eat next. So claims a University of California, Riverside, study performed on fruit flies. The study offers a better understanding of neurophysiological plast city of the taste system in flies. To maintain ideal health, animals require a balanced diet with optimum am unts of different nutrients. Macronutrients like carbohydrates and proteins are essential; indeed, an unbalan ed intake of these nutrients can be detrimental to health. Flies require macronutrients such as sugars and  mino acids for survival. They use the gustatory system, the sensory system responsible for the perception of taste, to sense these nutrients and begin feeding. In their experiments in the lab, the researchers Anindya Ganguly and Manali Dey, led by Anupama Dahanukar, fed adult flies different diets: a balanced diet, a sugar-reduced and protein-enriched diet, and a sugar enriched and proteindepleted diet. They ensured that all three diets were similar in total calorie content and  ested the flies daily for a week to examine modifications in their food choice and taste sensitivity. The resea chers report that diet affects dopamine and insulin signaling in the brain, which, in turn, affects the flies’ per pheral sensory response, which is comprised of neurons directly involved in detecting external stimuli. This  esponse then influences what the flies eat next. Which of the following statements about the study are true? A) What you eat has little to do with what you want to eat next. B) An unbalanced intake of macronutrients such as carbohydrates and protein is essential. C) The fly senses macronutrients through its taste system. D) In the

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1.Reading Multiple Choice multiple Answer (History of Sleep)

September 2, 1752, was a great day in the history of sleep. That Wednesday evening, millions of British subjects in England and the colonies went peacefully to sleep and did not wake up until twelve days later. Behind this feat of narcoleptic prowess was not same revolutionary hypnotic technique or miraculous pharmaceutical discovered in the

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4.Reading Fill in the blanks (David Lynch (Explanation) 

David Lynch is professor and head of education at Charles Darwin University. And prior to this he was sub dean in the Faculty of Education and Creative Arts at Central Queensland University and foundation head of the University’s Noosa ________ . David’s career in education ________ as a primary school teacher in Queensland in the

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1.Reading Fill in the blanks (Business)

One ___________ feature of business is its economic character. In the world of business, we interact with each other not as family members, friends, or neighbors, but as buyers and sellers, employers and employees, and the like. Trading, for example, is often ___________ by hard bargaining, in which both sides conceal their full hand and

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