Computer- and smartphone based treatments appear to be effective in reducing symptoms of depression, and while it remains unclear whether they are as effective as facetoface psychotherapy, they offer a promising alternative to address the growing mental health needs spawned by the COVID-19 pandemic.
“The year 2020 marked 30 years since the first paper was published on a digital intervention for the treatment of depression. It also marked an unparalleled inflection point in the worldwide conversion of mental health services from facetoface delivery to remote, digital solutions in response to the COVID19 pandemic,” said lead author Isaac Moshe, MA, a doctoral candidate at the University of Helsinki. “Given the accelerated adoption of digital interventions, it is both timely and important to ask to what extent digital interventions are effective in the treatment of depression, whether they may provide viable alternatives to face-to-face psychotherapy beyond the lab and what are the key factors that moderate outcomes.”Digital interventions typically require patients to log in to a software program, website or app to read, watch, isten to and interact with content structured as a series of modules or lessons. Individuals often receive homework assignments relating to the modules and regularly complete digitally administered questionnaires relevant to their presenting problems. This allows clinicians to monitor patients’ progress and outcomes in cases where digital interventions include human support. Digital interventions are not the same as teletherapy, which has gotten much attention during the pandemic, according to Moshe. Teletherapy uses videoconferencing or telephone services to facilitate one-on-one psychotherapy.
Which of the following statements is true?
A) Digital interventions typically require patients to log into a software program without interaction.
B) Teletherapy is not identical with digital interventions.
C) Computer-based and smartphone-based therapy can be just as effective as face-to-face psychotherapy.
D) Videoconferencing can be a viable method in teletherapy to promote one-on-one psychotherapy.
E) Computer-based and smartphone-based treatments are the only solution to the growing mental health needs triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic.