A recent study suggests that teaching children to understand other people’s perspectives could make it easier for them to learn how to forgive other people.”Forgiveness is important in children and adults for restoring relationships and limiting future conflicts,” says Kelly Lynn Mulvey, lead author of the study.”But we didn’t know much about what makes children more likely to forgive others, particularly from early childhood to adolescence.” To that end, Mulvey and her collaborators enlisted 185 children, between the ages of 5 and 14, in the study. Researchers conducted in an indepth interview with each child that collected background information and assessed the child’s “theory of mind” skills. Researchers then led each child through a series of scenarios involving other children who are “in group” and “out group.” Specifically, each study participant was told they were part of a group, such as the green team. During interviews, researchers described some children in the scenarios as also being on the green team, while other children in the scenarios were on the yellow team. In each scenario, interviewers asked study participants whether they were willing to forgive a group that left them out of a game or activity. There were three main findings. First, children are more likely to forgive someone if they have apologized. Second, children are more likely to forgive people who are “in group.” Third, the more advanced a child’s Theory of Mind skills are, the more likely they are to forgive others. What did the study find?A) Children are more likely to forgive those who are “in the group”.B) Forgiveness can help.
A protein named Agrin has been discovered to promote wound healing and repair, when it is triggered aftersSkin tissue is injured. These findings could pave the way for the development of Agrin protein therapy to accelerate skin tissue healing for chronic wounds from diabetes or burns. The research, led by A*STAR’s Institue of Molecular and Cell Biology (IMCB), was published in the journal Nature Communications on 3 November 2021. One in 20 Singaporeans is afflicted with chronic wound conditions. Complications in the healing of chronic wounds are prevalent in patients suffering from diabetes or burn injuries, and are a leading cause of amputation and decreased emotional well-being for patients. During injury, a major chunk of extracellular matrix, which helps to rebuild tissue, is lost, therefore delaying wound healing. As such, the timely replenishment of key ECM proteins may accelerate wound healing. In this study, researchers have shown that timely induction or exogenous supplementation of Agrin, an ECM protein, may promote accelerated healing of injured skin tissues. Using both human and pre-clinical models, they found that physical injury to the skin tissue enhanced the expression of Agrin, which preserves the mechanical architecture of injured skin layers by repairing the skin tissue. Which of the following statements is incorrect? A) Agrin can heal the wound instantly. B) Loss of ECM can delay wound healing. C).
Computer- and smartphone based treatments appear to be effective in reducing symptoms of depression, and while it remains unclear whether they are as effective as facetoface psychotherapy, they offer a promising alternative to address the growing mental health needs spawned by the COVID-19 pandemic. “The year 2020 marked 30 years since the first paper was published on a digital intervention for the treatment of depression. It also marked an unparalleled inflection point in the worldwide conversion of mental health services from facetoface delivery to remote, digital solutions in response to the COVID19 pandemic,” said lead author Isaac Moshe, MA, a doctoral candidate at the University of Helsinki. “Given the accelerated adoption of digital interventions, it is both timely and important to ask to what extent digital interventions are effective in the treatment of depression, whether they may provide viable alternatives to face-to-face psychotherapy beyond the lab and what are the key factors that moderate outcomes.”Digital interventions typically require patients to log in to a software program, website or app to read, watch, isten to and interact with content structured as a series of modules or lessons. Individuals often receive homework assignments relating to the modules and regularly complete digitally administered questionnaires relevant to their presenting problems. This allows clinicians to monitor patients’ progress and outcomes in cases where digital interventions include human support. Digital interventions are not the same as teletherapy, which has gotten much attention during the pandemic, according to Moshe. Teletherapy uses videoconferencing or telephone services to facilitate one-on-one psychotherapy. Which of the following statements is true? A) Digital interventions typically require patients to log into a software program without interaction. B).