IELTS Essay Types

IELTS Essay Types

The common types of essays may be based on direct questions, discussions, advantages or disadvantages, solutions, opinions and so on. It may vary from one teacher to another based on how comfortable they are in transferring the knowledge that they have. Each essay type in IELTS Writing task 2 has a dedicated structure.

Opinion Essay

An opinion essay is an essay in which you have to explain the given topic based on the opinion that you have regarding that topic.

How to plan your opinion essay:

  • Read the question properly and pick a side/opinion.
  • Figure out why you have that opinion.
  • Know the reasons behind your opinion and use them as main points.
  • List out your supporting reasons + examples.

Example question for an opinion essay:

Many people say that the only way to guarantee a good job is to complete a course in university education. Others claim that it is better to start work after school and gain experience in the world of work.

How far do you agree or disagree with the above views? Give a reason for your answer and include any relevant examples from your knowledge or experience. Write at least 250 words.

Discussion Essay

In the discussion essay, the topic along with two opposing statements are given. You are asked to discuss both the opposing statements and give supporting points for both the statements. Do not give your opinion unless it’s been asked.

How to plan your discussion essay:

  • Read the question properly and understand if you’ve got to give an opinion.
    • If you don’t, think about the main ideas revolving around both the statements.
    • If you do, think about the opinion and the main ideas linking to that opinion.
  • Ponder on the supporting points and examples related to the main idea.

Example question for a discussion essay:

Some people prefer to directly help or support people who need it in the local community, however, others prefer to give money to national or international charities. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Write at least 250 words.

Advantage or Disadvantage Essays

In this type of essay, a topic is given and you’ll be asked to write for and against that particular topic. Discuss the positive and negative points of the essay topic. However, sometimes you may be asked to state your opinion too. In such cases, you should use another body paragraph to explain your opinion.

How to plan your advantages/disadvantages essay:

  • Read the question properly and understand if you’ve got to give an opinion.
  • Make a list of the advantages and disadvantages that you want to write about in your essay.
  • Make a list of points supporting each advantage or disadvantage.
  • If you’re supposed to give an opinion, make sure you have reasons to support your opinions.

Example of an advantages/disadvantages question:

Some people think that youngsters should be required to do unpaid work helping people in the community. Are disadvantages of this requirement greater than the benefits for the community and individuals?

Write at least 250 words.

Solution Essays

In solution essays, the topic will be given regarding normal problems or issues people face and you’ll be asked to give the solution. Sometimes the question may also be why this particular issue happened and you may be asked to give your opinions based on the issues.

How to plan a problem solution essay:

  • Make a list of the problems related to the topic given. 2-3 problems can be taken up.
  • The solutions to these problems should be addressed.
  • Construct your paragraphs in such a way that the problems are in one paragraph and solutions in the other (or) paragraphs consisting of a problem and solution.

Example of a cause-solution essay:

People today do not feel safe either at home or when they are out. What are the causes? What are the solutions?

Write at least 250 words.

Direct Question Essays

These essays are slightly difficult when compared to other type of essays, as you won’t be given a direct task but some general questions and based on these questions you’ll have to answer the essay. You can give different paragraphs for all the general questions.

How to plan a direct question essay:

  • Read the questions given.
  • Focus on each question separately.
  • Figure out an answer for each question separately.
  • These answers should have a main point, supporting points to your main point and examples.
  • Recheck if all the questions are answered before you begin writing the answer.

Example of a direct question essay:

The world natural resources are consumed at an ever-increased rate. What are the dangers of this situation? What should we do?

Write at least 250 words.

Now that you have got an idea of how to score well in IELTS Task 2, go ahead and practice the following elements which help you to score the high band in the test.

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